Display of a Peptide Mimotope on a Crystalline Bacterial Cell Surface Layer (S-layer) Lattice for Diagnosis of Epstein–Barr Virus Infection Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Fusion proteins based on the crystalline bacterial cell surface layer (S-layer) proteins SbpA from Bacillus sphaericus CCM 2177 and SbsB from Geobacillus stearothermophilus PV72/p2 and a peptide mimotope F1 that mimics an immunodominant epitope of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) were designed and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. Constructs were designed such that the peptide mimotope was presented either at the C-terminus (SbpA/F1) or at the N-terminus (SbsB/F1) of the respective S-layer proteins. The resulting S-layer fusion proteins, SbpA/F1 and SbsB/F1, fully retained the intrinsic self-assembly capability of the S-layer moiety into monomolecular lattices. As determined by immunodot assays and ELISAs using monoclonal antibodies, the F1 mimotope was well-presented on the outer surface of the S-layer lattices and accessible for antibody binding. Further comparison of the two S-layer fusion proteins showed that the S-layer fusion protein SbpA/F1 had a higher antibody binding capacity than SbsB/F1 in aqueous solution and in immune sera, illustrating the importance of epitope orientation on the performance of solid-phase immunoassays. To assess the diagnostic values of S-layer mimotope fusion protein SbpA/F1, we screened a panel of 83 individual EBV IgM-positive, EBV negative, and potential cross-reactive sera for their reactivities. This resulted in 98.2% specificity and 89.3% sensitivity, and furthermore no cross-reactivity with related viral disease states including rheumatoid factor was observed. This study shows the potential of S-layer fusion proteins as a matrix for site-directed immobilization of small ligands in solid-phase immunoassays using EBV diagnostics as a model system.

publication date

  • April 2008