The anteroventral cochlear nucleus (AVCN), the first centre of the central auditory pathway, contains globular bushy cells, which are unique in their ability to produce fast excitatory post-synaptic potentials (EPSPs). Using in vivo intracellular recordings in the rat AVCN we examined these fast EPSPs in relation to temporal coding. At frequencies up to 2.5 kHz, EPSPs were evoked on successive sine waves of the stimulus with EPSP summation limited. This one-to-one relationship between the EPSPs and the sound wave period was present at higher frequencies and over a greater intensity range than for action potentials. These results suggest that temporal coding is possible in globular bushy neurones by their ability to extract temporal information through fast processing of convergent presynaptic input.