Confirmation of the classic tris(2,2′-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) and oxalate electrochemiluminescence mechanism using EPR spectroscopy Academic Article uri icon


  • A chemically initiated adaptation of the classic [Ru(bipy)(3)](2+)/oxalate electrochemiluminescence coreactant system has revealed the elusive radical intermediates of the light-producing pathway. Oxalyl (HC(2)O(4)˙) and hydroxyformyl (HCO(2)˙) radicals have been captured on a quartz surface and characterised using EPR spectroscopy.

publication date

  • 2011