Manganese(III) and manganese(IV) as chemiluminescence reagents: A review Academic Article uri icon


  • Although potassium permanganate [Mn(VII)] has been used extensively as a chemiluminescence reagent for many decades, other manganese-based oxidants have only recently been explored for this purpose. There is strong evidence to suggest that, like permanganate, manganese(III) and manganese(IV) oxidants react with many molecules to produce an excited manganese(II) species that emits light. However, these reagents differ markedly in terms of selectivity, and possess characteristics that provide new avenues for detection, such as the immobilisation of solid manganese dioxide, the production of 'soluble' manganese(IV) nanoparticles, and the electrochemical generation of manganese(III). In this review we examine the emergence of these alternative manganese oxidants as chemiluminescence reagents.


  • Brown, Allyson J
  • Francis, Paul S
  • Adcock, Jacqui L
  • Lim, Kieran F
  • Barnett, Neil W

publication date

  • August 2008