Redistribution of transcription start sites within the FMR1 promoter region with expansion of the downstream CGG-repeat element Academic Article uri icon


  • Fragile X syndrome, the most common form of mental impairment, is caused by expansion of a (CGG)n trinucleotide repeat element located in the 5' untranslated region of the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene. Repeat expansion is known to influence both transcription and translation; however, the mechanisms by which the CGG element exerts its effects are not known. In the current work, we have utilized 5'-RLM-RACE to examine the influence of CGG repeat number on the utilization of transcription start sites in normal (n<55) and premutation (54

publication date

  • March 1, 2004

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