The ability of daunomycin to bind to various DNA polymers has been sutided by thermal denaturation, spectrophotometric analysis and inhibition of the polymerisation reactions catalysed by Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I and rat liver DNA polymerase alpha. The quantitative binding measurements revealed that the antibiotic binds tightly to all synthetic polydeoxynucleotides studied. The results demonstrated that daunomycin can bind with equal affinity to dG . dC or dA . dT basepaired sequences. However, the number of binding sites per nucleotide for poly(dA) . poly(dT) is significantly lower than that found for poly(dA-dT) . poly(dA-dT), thus indicating an appreciable preference of the drug for the alternating copolymer. The inactivation of the template properties of the synthetic DNA polymers in the DNA polymerase system is consistent with their daunomycin binding ability. However, a lack of correlation was observed between the drug binding ability of different DNA polymers and the binding-induced stabilisation of the double helix to heat denaturation.