The phenotypic development of satellite cells in mouse sympathetic ganglia was examined by localizing the transcription factors, Sox10 and Phox2b, the neuronal marker, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), and brain-derived fatty acid binding protein (B-FABP), which identifies glial precursors and mature glia. In E10.5 mice, most cells in the sympathetic chain expressed both Sox10 and Phox2b, with a minority of cells expressing Sox10 only or Phox2b only. In E11.5 mice, the majority of cells expressed Sox10 only or Phox2b only. B-FABP was colocalized with Sox10 in satellite glial precursors, which were located on the periphery of the ganglion. There was no overlap between B-FABP and Phox2b or B-FABP and TH. During subsequent development, the number of B-FABP+ cells increased and they became more common deep within the ganglion. In E12.5 and E18.5 mice, there was no overlap between Sox10 and Phox2b, and 98% of Sox10 cells were also B-FABP+. Satellite glial precursors in E11.5-E15.5 mice also expressed the GDNF-binding molecule, GFRalpha1. B-FABP immunoreactive cells did not express Ret or NCAM, two potential signaling molecules for GDNF/GFRalpha1. In E12.5 and E18.5 mice lacking GFRalpha1 or GDNF, the development of B-FABP immunoreactive satellite cells was normal, and hence neither GDNF or GFRalpha1 are essential for the development of satellite glia in sympathetic ganglia.