Inhibition of carboxypeptidase A by ketones and alcohols that are isosteric with peptide substrates Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The Ki's of three peptide ketone and three peptide alcohol inhibitors of carboxypeptidase A are compared with Ki's of their respective isosteric peptide substrates, N alpha-benzoyl-L-phenylalanine, N alpha-benzoylglycyl-L-phenylalanine, and N alpha-carbobenzoxyglycylglycyl-L-phenylalanine. For the isosteric ketone analogues of these substrates, the respective Ki's are as follows: (2RS)-2-benzyl-4-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxobutanoic acid, 180 +/- 40 microM; (2RS)-5-benzamido-2-benzyl-4-oxopentanoic acid (V), 48 +/- 7 microM; (2RS)-2-benzyl-5-(carbobenzoxyglycinamido)-4-oxopentanoic acid (IX), 9 +/- 0.1 microM. For the alcohols derived by reduction of each of these ketones, Ki's are as follows: (2RS,4RS)-2-benzyl-4-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4-hydroxybutanoic acid, 190 +/- 10 microM; (2RS,4RS)-5-benzamido-2-benzyl-4-hydroxybutanoic acid (IV), 160 +/- 62 microM; (2RS,4RS)-2-benzyl-5-(carbobenzoxyglycinamido)-4-hy droxypentanoic acid (XI), 600 +/- 100 microM. Ki values for the competitive peptide ketone inhibitors decrease with increasing peptide chain length. This is consistent with the possibility of increased binding interaction between inhibitor and enzyme by simple occupation of additional binding subsites by adding more amino acid residues to the inhibitor. In contrast, the Ki values of the alcohols (competitive or mixed inhibition) increased or remain essentially unchanged with increasing chain length. Increasing the chain length of ketone inhibitor V to give IX decreases Ki by one-fifth. The Ki of ketone IX is also less than 1/30th the Ki of its isosteric peptide and almost 1/70th that of its isosteric alcohol, XI.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • December 17, 1985