Indigenous populations continue to be among the world's most marginalized population groups. Studies in Indigenous populations from high income countries (including the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand) indicate increased risk of sleep disorders compared to non-Indigenous populations. Poor sleep, whether it be short sleep duration or fragmented sleep, is a well-established risk factor for cardio-metabolic diseases. Given the implications, targeted improvement of poor sleep may be beneficial for the health and well-being of Indigenous people. In this narrative review, we will: (1) discuss the effects of sleep on the cardio-metabolic processes; (2) examine sleep in Indigenous populations; (3) review the association between sleep and cardio-metabolic risk in Indigenous populations; and (4) review the potential role of sleep in cardiovascular disease risk detection and interventions to improve sleep and cardio-metabolic health in Indigenous people. In particular, this review highlights that the assessment of sleep quality and quantity may be a beneficial step toward identifying Indigenous people at risk of cardio-metabolic diseases and may represent a key intervention target to improve cardio-metabolic outcomes.