Molecular orbital calculations and 13C and 15N NMR experiments have been performed on the O-methyl oximes of two types of 2-acyl cyclic 1,3-diones. One (III; X = CH2) was based on cyclohexane, and the other (X = O) on pyran. The data indicate that both the cyclohexane and pyran compounds prefer to exist as the oxime, rather than the enamine isomer. Two equivalent, interconverting, keto-enol tautomers exist in the cyclohexane compound. The pyran compound exists as the lactone-enol tautomer. Our results have implications in the design of herbicidal compounds and drugs containing similar tautomeric systems.