With the increasing incidence of cancer and related survival, junior doctors are more commonly involved the management of oncology patients. A comprehensive oncology curriculum has been developed and adopted across medi-cal schools in Australia. However, it was not designed to inform how medical students should be taught, and whether curriculum content translates to knowledge and competency can depend on its implementation. We have conducted a literature review of PubMed, Embase and Cochrane databases to identify and summarise the evidence for novel approaches to delivering the undergraduate oncology curriculum. Numerous effective approaches have been developed across areas of prevention, clinical examination through simulation, the multidisciplinary team, psycho-oncology, palliative care and even research. There is growing focus on a holistic and multidisciplinary approach to cancer education although direct clinical exposure and interactions with cancer patients is still crucial. Medical schools may also have an under-recognised role in promoting positive health behaviour if their graduates are to convey these preventative measures to their patients. Application of such methods relies upon clinicians and medical educators to consider the practicability and relevance of specific implementation in their local context.