Design, synthesis, and DNA sequence selectivity of formaldehyde-mediated DNA-adducts of the novel N-(4-aminobutyl) acridine-4-carboxamide Academic Article uri icon


  • A novel derivative of the anti-tumor agent N-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]acridine-4-carboxamide (DACA) was prepared by reduction of 9-oxoacridan-4-carboxylic acid to acridine-4-carboxylic acid with subsequent conversion to N-(4-aminobutyl)acridine-4-carboxamide (C4-DACA). Molecular modeling studies suggested that a DACA analogue comprising a side chain length of four carbons was optimal to form formaldehyde-mediated drug-DNA adducts via the minor groove. An in vitro transcription assay revealed that formaldehyde-mediated C4-DACA-DNA adducts selectively formed at CpG and CpA dinucleotide sequences, which is strikingly similar to that of formaldehyde-activated anthracenediones such as pixantrone.

publication date

  • 2014