Concepts and consequences of Eph receptor clustering Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Polymeric receptor-ligand complexes between interacting Eph and ephrin-expressing cells are regarded as dynamic intercellular signalling scaffolds that control cell-to-cell contact: the resulting Eph-ephrin signalling clusters function as positional cues that facilitate cell navigation and tissue patterning during normal and oncogenic development. The considerable complexity of this task, coordinating a multitude of cell movements and cellular interactions, is achieved by accurate translation of spatial information from Eph and ephrin expression gradients into fine-tuned changes in cell-cell adhesion and position. Here we review emerging evidence suggesting that the required combinatorial diversity is not only achieved by the large number of possible Eph-ephrin interactions and selective use of Eph forward and ephrin reverse signals, but in particular through the composition and signal capacity of Eph-ephrin clusters, which is adjusted dynamically to reflect overall Eph and ephrin surface densities on interacting cells. Fine-tuning is provided through multi-layered cluster assembly, where homo- and heterotypic Eph and ephrin interactions define the composition - whilst intracellular signalling feedbacks determine the size and lifetime - of signalling clusters.

publication date

  • February 2012