Spin-Orbit Interaction in a Two-Dimensional Hole Gas at the Surface of Hydrogenated Diamond Academic Article uri icon


  • Hydrogenated diamond possesses a unique surface conductivity as a result of transfer doping by surface acceptors. Yet, despite being extensively studied for the past two decades, little is known about the system at low temperature, particularly whether a two-dimensional hole gas forms at the diamond surface. Here we report that (100) diamond, when functionalized with hydrogen, supports a p-type spin-3/2 two-dimensional surface conductivity with a spin-orbit interaction of 9.74 ± 0.1 meV through the observation of weak antilocalization effects in magneto-conductivity measurements at low temperature. Fits to 2D localization theory yield a spin relaxation length of 30 ± 1 nm and a spin-relaxation time of ∼ 0.67 ± 0.02 ps. The existence of a 2D system with spin orbit coupling at the surface of a wide band gap insulating material has great potential for future applications in ferromagnet-semiconductor and superconductor-semiconductor devices.


  • Edmonds, MT
  • van Beveren, LHW
  • Klochan, O
  • Cervenka, J
  • Ganesan, K
  • Prawer, S
  • Ley, L
  • Hamilton, AR
  • Pakes, CI

publication date

  • 2015