Determination of Henry's Law Constants of Phenols by Pervaporation-Flow Injection Analysis Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • A novel dynamic nonequilibrium technique for the determination of Henry's law constant (HLC) of phenols based on pervaporation-flow injection (PFI) is described. A linear relationship between HLC and the amount of phenol measured by a detector in the acceptor line of a PFI system was demonstrated. This relationship was constructed using five frequently encountered phenols (phenol, 2,4-dimethylphenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol, 2-chlorophenol, and 2,3-dimethylphenol) and used for the determination of the HLC of three other phenols (2,4,6-trichlorophenol, 2-methylphenol, and 3-methylphenol). The HLC of all eight phenols were also determined by the single equilibrium static technique (SEST). Fairly good agreementwas observed between both techniques regarding the HLC of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol, 2-methylphenol, and 3-methylphenol. On the basis of the results obtained, it was concluded that the PFI technique offers considerable advantages over SEST in terms of precision, speed, labor intensity, and possibilities for automation.

publication date

  • January 2001