Isolation and Detailed Characterization of thetrans-[(H2O)2FeCl4]-Anion:  Stabilization of Novel Iron(III) Species by Large Organic Cations Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • 1,2-Diaminoethane (en) and FeCl3 give (enH2) [FeCl5(H2O)] (1) in concentrated HCl, extending the aquapentachloroferrate(III) series. For 1: C2H12N2Cl5OFe, orthorhombic, P2(1)2(1)2(1), a = 14.531(6) A, b = 10.772(4) A, c = 6.888(2) A, Z = 4. Diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane dihydrochloride (DABCO-2HCl) and FeCl3 in concentrated HCl form a tetrachloroferrate(III) derivative whose subsequent ethanol treatment (restricted water access) results in the formation of a compound of composition (DABCOH2)2 [FeCl4(H2O)2]Cl3 (2). This contains the trans-[FeCl4(H2O)2](-) anion, in which the trans-Fe-O distances are 2.049(4) A. For 2: C12H32N4Cl7O2Fe, orthorhombic, Pnma, a = 16.378(3) A, b = 7.3323(6) A, c = 19.431(3) A, Z = 4. A combination of 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy and ac susceptibility data confirm uncanted 3D antiferromagnetic ground states with T(Néel) approximately 3.4 K for (enH2)[FeCl5(H2O)] and approximately 2.0 K for [DABCOH2]2[FeCl4(H2O)2]Cl3.

publication date

  • August 2001