Imbalance data classification is a challenging task in automatic seizure detection from electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings when the durations of non-seizure periods are much longer than those of seizure activities. An imbalanced learning model is proposed in this paper to improve the identification of seizure events in long-term EEG signals. To better represent the underlying microstructure distributions of EEG signals while preserving the non-stationary nature, discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and uniform 1D-LBP feature extraction procedure are introduced. A learning framework is then designed by the ensemble of weakly trained support vector machines (SVMs). Under-sampling is employed to split the imbalanced seizure and non-seizure samples into multiple balanced subsets where each of them is utilized to train an individual SVM classifier. The weak SVMs are incorporated to build a strong classifier which emphasizes seizure samples and in the meantime analyzing the imbalanced class distribution of EEG data. Final seizure detection results are obtained in a multi-level decision fusion process by considering temporal and frequency factors. The model was validated over two long-term and one short-term public EEG databases. The model achieved a [Formula: see text]-mean of 97.14% with respect to epoch-level assessment, an event-level sensitivity of 96.67%, and a false detection rate of 0.86/h on the long-term intracranial database. An epoch-level [Formula: see text]-mean of 95.28% and event-level false detection rate of 0.81/h were yielded over the long-term scalp database. The comparisons with 14 published methods demonstrated the improved detection performance for imbalanced EEG signals and the generalizability of the proposed model.