Burden of cardiovascular diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • OBJECTIVES:To report the burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) during 1990-2015. METHODS:We used the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study for estimates of mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of different CVD in 22 countries of EMR. RESULTS:A total of 1.4 million CVD deaths (95% UI: 1.3-1.5) occurred in 2015 in the EMR, with the highest number of deaths in Pakistan (465,116) and the lowest number of deaths in Qatar (723). The age-standardized DALY rate per 100,000 decreased from 10,080 in 1990 to 8606 in 2015 (14.6% decrease). Afghanistan had the highest age-standardized DALY rate of CVD in both 1990 and 2015. Kuwait and Qatar had the lowest age-standardized DALY rates of CVD in 1990 and 2015, respectively. High blood pressure, high total cholesterol, and high body mass index were the leading risk factors for CVD. CONCLUSIONS:The age-standardized DALY rates in the EMR are considerably higher than the global average. These findings call for a comprehensive approach to prevent and control the burden of CVD in the region.

authors

  • Mokdad, Ali H
  • Tehrani-Banihashemi, Arash
  • Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar
  • El Bcheraoui, Charbel
  • Charara, Raghid
  • Khalil, Ibrahim
  • Afshin, Ashkan
  • Collison, Michael
  • Daoud, Farah
  • Krohn, Kristopher J
  • Chew, Adrienne
  • Cornaby, Leslie
  • Foreman, Kyle J
  • Frostad, Joseph
  • Kassebaum, Nicholas J
  • Kemmer, Laura
  • Kutz, Michael
  • Liu, Patrick
  • Mirarefin, Mojde
  • Nguyen, Grant
  • Wang, Haidong
  • Zipkin, Ben
  • Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu
  • Abouzeid, Marian
  • Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen ME
  • Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad
  • Ahmed, Muktar Beshir
  • Aksut, Baran
  • Alam, Khurshid
  • Alasfoor, Deena
  • Ali, Raghib
  • Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza
  • Al-Raddadi, Rajaa
  • Alsharif, Ubai
  • Altirkawi, Khalid A
  • Alvis-Guzman, Nelson
  • Anber, Nahla
  • Anwari, Palwasha
  • Arnlov, Johan
  • Asgedom, Solomon Weldegebreal
  • Atey, Tesfay Mehari
  • Awasthi, Ashish
  • Baernighausen, Till
  • Bacha, Umar
  • Barac, Aleksandra
  • Barker-Collo, Suzanne L
  • Bedi, Neeraj
  • Bennett, Derrick A
  • Berhe, Derbew Fikadu
  • Biadgilign, Sibhatu
  • Butt, Zahid A
  • Carapetis, Jonathan R
  • Estanislao Castro, Ruben
  • Chitheer, Abdulaal A
  • Davletov, Kairat
  • Dharmaratne, Samath D
  • Djalalinia, Shirin
  • Huyen, Phuc Do
  • Dubey, Manisha
  • Ebrahimi, Hedyeh
  • Eshrati, Babak
  • Esteghamati, Alireza
  • Farvid, Maryam S
  • Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad
  • Fischer, Florian
  • Gebrehiwot, Solomon Weldemariam
  • Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye Tewelde
  • Gillum, Richard F
  • Gona, Philimon N
  • Gupta, Rajeev
  • Hafezi-Nejad, Nima
  • Hamadeh, Randah Ribhi
  • Hamidi, Samer
  • Hsairi, Mohamed
  • Jee, Sun Ha
  • Jonas, Jost B
  • Karimkhani, Chante
  • Kasaeian, Amir
  • Khader, Yousef Saleh
  • Khan, Ejaz Ahmad
  • Kim, Daniel
  • Lal, Dharmesh Kumar
  • Larson, Heidi J
  • Latif, Asma Abdul
  • Linn, Shai
  • Lotufo, Paulo A
  • Lunevicius, Raimundas
  • Abd El Razek, Hassan Magdy
  • Majeed, Azeem
  • Malekzadeh, Reza
  • Malta, Deborah Carvalho
  • Meier, Toni
  • Memiah, Peter
  • Memish, Ziad A
  • Mendoza, Walter
  • Mensah, George A
  • Meretoja, Atte
  • Miller, Ted R
  • Mirrakhimov, Erkin M
  • Mohammed, Shafiu
  • Quyen, Le Nguyen
  • Vuong, Minh Nong
  • Pearson-Stuttard, Jonathan
  • Pishgar, Farhad
  • Pourmalek, Farshad
  • Qorbani, Mostafa
  • Radfar, Amir
  • Rafay, Anwar
  • Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa
  • Rai, Rajesh Kumar
  • Rana, Saleem M
  • Rawaf, David Laith
  • Rawaf, Salman
  • Renzaho, Andre MN
  • Rezaei, Satar
  • Roba, Kedir Teji
  • Roshandel, Gholamreza
  • Safdarian, Mahdi
  • Safi, Sare
  • Safiri, Saeid
  • Sahraian, Mohammad Ali
  • Salamati, Payman
  • Samy, Abdallah M
  • Milicevic, Milena M Santric
  • Sartorius, Benn
  • Sepanlou, Sadaf G
  • Shaikh, Masood Ali
  • Santos Silva, Diego Augusto
  • Singh, Jasvinder A
  • Sobaih, Badr HA
  • Stroumpoulis, Konstantinos
  • Abdulkader, Rizwan Suliankatchi
  • Szoeke, Cassandra EI
  • Temsah, Mohamad-Hani
  • Tran, Bach Xuan
  • Ukwaja, Kingsley Nnanna
  • Uthman, Olalekan A
  • Vasankari, Tommi
  • Vlassov, Vasiliy Victorovich
  • Vollset, Stein Emil
  • Wakayo, Tolassa
  • Weintraub, Robert G
  • Wessly, Priscilla R
  • Wijeratne, Kulasekara M
  • Wolfe, Charles DA
  • Workicho, Abdulhalik
  • Yaghoubi, Mohsen
  • Yano, Yuichiro
  • Yaseri, Mehdi
  • Yonemoto, Naohiro
  • Younis, Mustafa Z
  • Yu, Chuanhua
  • Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed
  • Jumaan, Aisha O
  • Vos, Theo
  • Roth, Gregory A
  • Hay, Simon I
  • Naghavi, Mohsen
  • Murray, Christopher JL

publication date

  • 2018