Solvent affects the conformation of virginiamycin M1(pristinamycin IIA, streptogramin A) Academic Article uri icon


  • The streptogramins are antibiotics which act by binding two different components at separate nearby sites on the bacterial 50S ribosome, inhibiting protein synthesis. The first component, a macrolactone, is common to many of the streptogramin antibiotics and, thus, is referred to by many names including virginiamycin M1(VM1), pristinamycin IIA, ostreogrycin A and streptogramin A. X-Ray crystallographic studies of VM1 bound to ribosomes and to a deactivating enzyme show a different conformation to that of VM1 in chloroform solution. We now report the results of high resolution 2D NMR experiments that show that the conformation of VM1 in dimethyl sulfoxide and methanol differs from both that in chloroform solution and in the bound form. The 3D structure and the 1H NMR and 13C NMR chemical shifts of VM1 in dimethyl sulfoxide and methanol are described.

publication date

  • 2004