Ptychographic imaging of NaD1 induced yeast cell death Academic Article uri icon


  • Characterising and understanding the mechanisms involved in cell death are especially important to combating threats to human health, particularly for the study of antimicrobial peptides and their effectiveness against pathogenic fungi. However, imaging these processes often relies on the use of synthetic molecules which bind to specific cellular targets to produce contrast. Here we study yeast cell death, induced by the anti-fungal peptide, NaD1. By treating yeast as a model organism we aim to understand anti-fungal cell death processes without relying on sample modification. Using a quantitative phase imaging technique, ptychography, we were able to produce label free images of yeast cells during death and use them to investigate the mode of action of NaD1. Using this technique we were able to identify a significant phase shift which provided a clear signature of yeast cell death. Additionally, ptychography identifies cell death much earlier than a comparative fluorescence study, providing new insights into the cellular changes that occur during cell death. The results indicate ptychography has great potential as a means of providing additional information about cellular processes which otherwise may be masked by indirect labelling approaches.

publication date

  • 2019