Synthesis and cytotoxic activity of N-[(alkylamino)alkyl]carboxamide derivatives of 7-oxo-7H-benz[de]anthracene, 7-oxo-7H-naphtho[1,2,3-de]quinoline, and 7-oxo-7H-benzo[e]perimidine Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • 7-Oxo-7H-naphtho[1,2,3-de]quinoline-11-carboxamides and analogues were prepared and evaluated for in vitro and in vivo antitumor activity. Chromophore variations included 'deaza' (7-oxo-7H-benz[de]anthracene) and 'diaza' (7-oxo-7H-benzo[e]perimidine) analogues, and side chain variations included chiral alpha-methyl compounds. The naphthoquinolines were the most cytotoxic, with IC(50) values of 5-20 nM, and showed the strongest DNA binding, with high selectivity for G-C rich DNA. The chiral alpha-methyl analogues were 10-20-fold more cytotoxic than the parent des-methyl compound. Both enantiomers provided substantial growth delays against s.c. colon 38 tumors in mice, with the R-enantiomer more active than the S (tumor growth delays of >35 and 12 days, respectively).

authors

  • Bu, Xianyong
  • Chen, Junjie
  • Deady, Leslie W
  • Smith, Clare L
  • Baguley, Bruce C
  • Greenhalgh, Debra
  • Yang, Shangjin
  • Denny, William A

publication date

  • June 2005