Structural and functional characterization of the mitochondrial complex IV assembly factor Coa6 Academic Article uri icon


  • Assembly factors play key roles in the biogenesis of many multi-subunit protein complexes regulating their stability, activity, and the incorporation of essential cofactors. The human assembly factor Coa6 participates in the biogenesis of the CuA site in complex IV (cytochrome c oxidase, COX). Patients with mutations in Coa6 suffer from mitochondrial disease due to complex IV deficiency. Here, we present the crystal structures of human Coa6 and the pathogenic W59CCoa6-mutant protein. These structures show that Coa6 has a 3-helical bundle structure, with the first 2 helices tethered by disulfide bonds, one of which likely provides the copper-binding site. Disulfide-mediated oligomerization of the W59CCoa6 protein provides a structural explanation for the loss-of-function mutation.


  • Maghool, Shadi
  • Cooray, N Dinesha G
  • Stroud, David A
  • Aragão, D
  • Ryan, Michael T
  • Maher, Megan J

publication date

  • 2019