Normative study of wideband acoustic immittance measures in newborn infants Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Objective:The purpose of this study was to describe normative aspects of wideband acoustic immittance (WAI) measures obtained from healthy White neonates. Method:In this cross-sectional study, wideband absorbance (WBA), admittance magnitude, and admittance phase were measured under ambient pressure condition in 326 ears from 203 neonates (M age = 45.9 hr) who passed a battery of tests, including automated auditory brainstem response, high-frequency tympanometry, and distortion product otoacoustic emissions. Results:Normative WBA data were in agreement with most previous studies. Normative data for both WBA and admittance magnitude revealed double-peaked patterns with the 1st peak at 1.25-2 kHz and the 2nd peak at 5-8 kHz, while normative admittance phase data showed 2 peaks at 0.8 and 4 kHz. There were no significant differences between ears or gender for the 3 WAI measures. Standard deviations for all 3 measures were highest at frequencies above 4 kHz. Conclusions:The 3 WAI measures between 1 kHz and 4 kHz may provide the most stable response of the outer and middle ear. WAI measures at frequencies above 4 kHz were more variable. The normative data established in the present study may serve as a reference for evaluating outer and middle ear function in neonates.

authors

  • Aithal, Sreedevi
  • Kei, Joseph
  • Aithal, Venkatesh
  • Manuel, Alehandrea
  • Myers, Joshua
  • Driscoll, Carlie
  • Khan, Asaduzzaman

publication date

  • 2017