Skeletal effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound on the ovariectomized rodent Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Growing evidence supports low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (US) as an osteogenic mechanical stimulus. Its effects on isolated bone cells and on fractured bone are established. However, its effects on osteoporosis are not clear. This study examined US effects on ovariectomy (OVX) induced bone changes within the rodent hindlimb (distal femur and proximal tibia), and on normal bone in animals following sham-OVX. Animals were exposed to daily unilateral active-US and contralateral inactive-US for 12 weeks. Bone status was assessed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and histomorphometry. Ovariectomy resulted in significant bone changes. Low-intensity pulsed US did not influence these changes. These results suggest that the US dose introduced may not be a beneficial treatment for osteoporosis, and that intact bone may be less sensitive to US than fractured bone and isolated bone cells. This may relate to the biophysical mechanisms of action of US, US-bone interactions and tissue level processes taking place.

authors

publication date

  • July 2001