Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation reduces hypertension in TGR(mRen-2)27 rats Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • To establish the effect of dietary omega-3 PUFA on angiotensin II (ANG II)-mediated hypertension, male TGR (mRen-2)27 (Ren-2) rats (animals with high ANG II activity) were maintained on a diet either deficient or sufficient in omega-3 PUFA from conception. Half the animals on each diet were treated with the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, perindopril, from birth. Ren-2 rats fed the omega-3 PUFA deficient diet were significantly more hypertensive than those fed the omega-3 PUFA sufficient diet. Perindopril reduced the blood pressure of both omega-3 PUFA-deficient and omega-3 PUFA-sufficient diet-fed Ren-2 rats. Body weight, body fat and plasma leptin were reduced by perindopril treatment but not affected by omega-3 PUFA supply. Given that the elevated blood pressure of the Ren-2 rat is mediated by ANG II, the data suggest that omega-3 PUFA may reduce hypertension via the renin-angiotensin system.

authors

  • Jayasooriya, AP
  • Begg, DP
  • Chen, N
  • Mathai, ML
  • Sinclair, AJ
  • Wilkinson-Berka, J
  • Wark, JD
  • Weisinger, HS
  • Weisinger, RS

publication date

  • January 2008