Regular aftercare attendance following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is associated with greater weight loss and fewer post-surgical complications. Despite high reported rates of attrition from LAGB aftercare, the reasons for non-attendance have not been previously explored. The present study aimed to explore patient-reported barriers to LAGB aftercare attendance, and the perceived helpfulness of potential attrition-reducing strategies, in both regular attendees and non-attendees of aftercare.One hundred and seventy-nine participants (107 regular attendees and 72 non-attendees) completed a semi-structured questionnaire, assessing barriers to attrition (101 items) and usefulness of attrition prevention strategies (14 items).Findings indicate that both regular attendees and non-attendees experience multiple barriers to aftercare attendance. Non-attendees generally reported that barriers had a greater impact on their aftercare attendance. There was evidence for some level of acceptability for attrition-reducing strategies suggesting that LAGB patients may be receptive to such strategies.Current findings highlight the importance of assessing barriers to treatment in both attendees and non-attendees. It is proposed that addressing barriers that differentiate non-attendees from attendees may be most effective in reducing attrition from aftercare.