Despite recognition of the importance of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) aftercare for optimal surgical outcomes and the failure of some patients to attend regularly, factors influencing LAGB aftercare attrition have not been thoroughly examined in the literature.Patients' perspectives on LAGB aftercare attendance were explored using a qualitative research methodology. Twenty-four LAGB patients who either (1) did not attend aftercare (n = 12) or (2) attended aftercare regularly (n = 12) were interviewed. Data were analysed using grounded theory methods.Four common processes emerged from patients' descriptions: (1) barriers to attendance, (2) purely medical service, (3) non-patient centred approach, and (4) behavioural and psychological aspects of behavioural changes. Regular attendees typically reported (1) a commitment to aftercare, (2) a need to make the band work, (3) regular monitoring motivated attendance, and (4) happiness with the improved health. Non-regular attendees perceived (1) that aftercare is more relevant early on after the surgery, (2) insufficient follow-up from the centre, (3) failure and shame, (4) not comfortable to be vulnerable, and (5) an intention to reconnect.Patients perceive LAGB post-operative medical management to be professional, effective, and valuable. Patients' difficulty to actively participate during aftercare visits contributes to reduced satisfaction and a range of compromised outcomes. Management of LAGB post-operative patients may be improved with the use of patient-centred strategies that encourage patients' active participation. Further research is required to evaluate the emerged themes and determine whether interventions targeting identified barriers enhance attendance and improve outcomes.