Pre-operative Weight Loss Does Not Predict Weight Loss Following Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • This study aimed to test the hypothesis that the amount of weight lost on a mandatory 2-week pre-operative very-low-calorie diet (VLCD) would predict the longer-term outcomes of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB).All patients treated with a primary LAGB from 21 October 2008 until 30 June 2010, who were prescribed a 2-week pre-operative VLCD, have been included in the study. Patient age, weight, BMI and excess weight (defined as weight above a BMI of 25) were extracted on the day of first visit, day of surgery and at the post-operative visits at 3, 12 and 24 months. From these data, percent excess weight loss (EWL) was calculated and compared at all time points.The weight loss achieved on a mandatory 2-week pre-operative diet did not predict weight outcomes at 2 years (r = -0.008; p = 0.931). Using multivariate analysis, the best predictor of 24-month percent EWL was percent EWL at 3 months post operation (sr(2) = 0.34; p = 0.003).Results from a pre-operative diet should not be used to predict the ultimate outcome of bariatric surgery. The weight loss at 3 months following LAGB was a strong predictor of longer-term outcomes. There may be potential for improving longer-term results with LAGB by better supporting patients who are not achieving good weight loss at this early time point.

authors

  • Brown, Wendy A
  • Moszkowicz, Julia
  • Brennan, Leah
  • Burton, Paul R
  • Anderson, Margaret
  • O'Brien, Paul E

publication date

  • 2013