OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term reoperation rates among surgeons performing transatrial repair of tetralogy of Fallot. METHODS: The data set of 675 patients undergoing transatrial repair of tetralogy of Fallot at 1 institution from 1980 to 2005 was analyzed for intersurgeon differences in the reoperation rates. RESULTS: A follow-up period >15 years was available for 5 surgeons, allowing for comparison (541 patients; >80 patients/surgeon). The reintervention rate at 10 years varied from 8.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.3%-14.5%) to 26.7% (95% CI, 14.9%-44.9%; hazard ratio, 3.4; P = .001). The procedures of 1 surgeon resulted in a reoperation rate of 10.5% at 20 years (95% CI, 5.4%-25.3%). The type of reoperation required varied among the surgeons. One surgeon had had no reoperations for pulmonary artery stenosis. Of the 5 surgeons, 2 (surgeons 2 and 5) had equivalent overall 10-year reoperation rates (24.1%, 95% CI, 12.9%-42.3%; vs 26.7%, 95% CI, 14.9%-44.9%; P = .32). Surgeon 5 had reoperation almost exclusively for right ventricular outflow tract obstruction (20.6%; 95% CI, 12.4%-33.1%) and surgeon 2 for right ventricular dilation (17.4%; 95% CI, 7.8%-36.3%). None of the patients treated by surgeon 5 required implantation of a valved conduit. CONCLUSIONS: An analysis of the reoperation rate during the long-term follow-up of transatrial repair of tetralogy of Fallot identified variability in the outcomes among 5 surgeons. The analysis of these differences suggested that an optimal amount of opening of the right ventricular outflow tract can lead to a decreased reintervention rate. The analysis of intersurgeon variability in outcomes should be encouraged, because it will lead to improvements in cardiac surgery outcomes.