Novel pattern of foliar metal distribution in a manganese hyperaccumulator Academic Article uri icon


  • The primary sequestration of foliar manganese (Mn) in Mn-hyperaccumulating plants can occur in either their photosynthetic or non-photosynthetic tissues, depending on the species. To date, only non-photosynthetic tissues have been found to be the major sinks in other hyperaccumulators. Here, electron (SEM) and proton (PIXE) microprobes were used to generate qualitative energy dispersive (EDS) X-ray maps of leaf cross sections. Two Mn hyperaccumulators, Garcinia amplexicaulis Vieill. (Clusiaceae) and Maytenus fournieri (Panch. and Sebert) Loesn. (Celastraceae), and the Mn accumulator Grevillea exul Lindley (Proteaceae) were studied. PIXE/EDS data obtained here for M. fournieri were in agreement with existing SEM/EDS data showing that the highest localised foliar Mn concentrations were in the epidermal tissues. However, this is the first in situ microprobe investigation of G. amplexicaulis and G. exul. The Mn X-ray maps of G. amplexicaulis revealed a previously undescribed third spatial distribution pattern among Mn-hyperaccumulating species. Manganese was relatively evenly distributed throughout the leaf photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic tissues, while in G. exul it was most highly concentrated in the epidermal cells.

publication date

  • 2008