Clinical utility of the IHC4+C score in oestrogen receptor-positive early breast cancer: A prospective decision impact study Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Most oestrogen receptor (ER)-positive early breast cancer diagnosed today is highly curable with multimodality treatment. Systemic adjuvant treatments including endocrine therapy and chemotherapy have made a significant contribution to the increasing cure rates over the past three decades. However not all women will require chemotherapy. The IHC4+C score is a prognostic tool that integrates four immunohistochemical measures with clinicopathological features to estimate the residual risk of distant recurrence at 10 years in post-menopausal women with ER-positive breast cancer who have received 5 years of endocrine therapy. Retrospective studies indicate that the test can identify a set of women that are at such low risk of recurrence that chemotherapy can be of little benefit.In this study, 124 patients were prospectively selected from the multidisciplinary team meeting between January 2013 and April 2014 for IHC4+C testing. Adjuvant systemic treatment recommendations by clinicians were recorded without and with the availability of the score in addition to the patient's decision.There was concordance in the MDT's recommendation without and with the availability of the score in 73% of cases. Clinicians recommended chemotherapy or at least its discussion to 74 (59%) patients, which fell to 32 (34%) patients after the IHC4+C score was made available, sparing one in four tested patients a chemotherapy recommendation, along with its toxicity and expense.This decision impact study shows that when used by clinicians in the multidisciplinary team meeting for adjuvant decision-making, a significant proportion of patients are spared chemotherapy recommendations.

authors

publication date

  • 2015