Physical activity and training in sarcoidosis: review and experience-based recommendations Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic inflammatory disorder with a great variety of symptoms, including fatigue, dyspnea, pain, reduced exercise tolerance and muscle strength. Physical training has the potential to improve exercise capacity and muscle strength, and reduce fatigue. The aim of this review and survey was to present information about the role of physical training in sarcoidosis and offer practical guidelines.A systematic literature review guided an international consensus effort among sarcoidosis experts to establish practice-basic recommendations for the implementation of exercise as treatment for patients with various manifestations of sarcoidosis. International sarcoidosis experts suggested considering physical training in symptomatic patients with sarcoidosis. Expert commentary: There is promising evidence of a positive effect of physical training. Recommendations were based on available data and expert consensus. However, the heterogeneity of these patients will require modification and program adjustment of the standard rehabilitation format for e.g. COPD or interstitial lung diseases. An optimal training program (types of exercise, intensities, frequency, duration) still needs to be defined to optimize training adjustments, especially reduction of fatigue. Further randomized controlled trials are needed to consolidate these findings and optimize the comprehensive care of sarcoidosis patients.

authors

  • Strookappe, B
  • Saketkoo, LA
  • Elfferich, M
  • Holland, A
  • De Vries, J
  • Knevel, T
  • Drent, M

publication date

  • 2016