New opportunities for targeting redox dysregulation in cardiovascular disease Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Abstract Despite substantial promise, the use of antioxidant therapy to improve cardiovascular outcomes has been disappointing. Whilst the fundamental biology supporting their use continues to build, the challenge now is to differentially target dysregulated redox signalling domains and to identify new ways to deliver antioxidant substances. Looking further afield to other disciplines, there is an emerging ‘tool-kit’ containing sophisticated molecular and drug delivery applications. Applying these to the cardiovascular redox field could prove a successful strategy to combat the increasing disease burden. Excessive reactive oxygen species production and protein modifications in the mitochondria has been the target of successful drug development with several positive outcomes emerging in the cardiovascular space, harnessing both improved delivery mechanisms and enhanced understanding of the biological abnormalities. Using this as a blueprint, similar strategies could be applied and expanded upon in other redox-hot-spots, such as the caveolae sub-cellular region, which houses many of the key cardiovascular redox proteins such as NADPH oxidase, endothelial nitric oxide synthase, angiotensin II receptors, and beta adrenoceptors. The expanded tool kit of drug development, including gene and miRNA therapies, nanoparticle technology and micropeptide targeting, can be applied to target dysregulated redox signalling in subcellular compartments of cardiovascular cells. In this review, we consider the opportunities for improving cardiovascular outcomes by utilizing new technology platforms to target subcellular ‘bonfires’ generated by dysregulated redox pathways, to improve clinical outcomes.

publication date

  • 2019