Some Remarks on End-Nim Academic Article uri icon


  • We reexamine Albert and Nowakowski's variation on the game of Nim, called End-Nim, in which the players may only remove coins from the leftmost or rightmost piles. We reformulate Albert and Nowakowski's solution to this game. We examine its misère version and a further variant where the winner is the player who reduces the game to a single pile; we call this Loop-End-Nim. We show that the three games, End-Nim, misère-End-Nim, and Loop-End-Nim, all have the same losing positions, except for the positions where all the piles are of equal size. We also give some partial results concerning the higher Sprague-Grundy values of the three games.

publication date

  • 2011