N,N-Dimethylformamide (DMF) usage in epoxy/graphene nanocomposites: Problems associated with reaggregation Academic Article uri icon


  • DMF is one the most commonly-used solvents for preparing graphene nanocomposites. Various processing variables for DMF are being used for the preparation of epoxy/graphene nanocomposites. Whilst the emphasis of all of these reported studies are on the improvements in mechanical, and other properties, of the epoxy/graphene nanocomposites, there is no study investigating how DMF affects the processing and how it is associated with the final properties of the nanocomposites. In this work, different dosages of DMF have been used to prepare nanocomposites. Mechanical testing, X-ray diffraction (XRD), dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) have been used to analyze the effectiveness of DMF dosage on the properties of processed nanocomposites. Larger dosages of DMF are not always ideal for dispersing graphene as it promotes reaggregation of graphene during the processing.


publication date

  • 2017