Hospital management and clinical factors associated with ophthalmic involvement in Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) is characterized by an exfoliative rash resembling widespread burns. It is often considered on the same spectrum of disease as Stevens Johnson Syndrome but is distinguished by epidermal detachment of >30% of total body surface area (TBSA). Ocular involvement of TEN may result in complications requiring intensive topical, systemic or operative treatment. This study aimed to identify the current hospital management of, and factors associated with, ophthalmic involvement in adult TEN patients. METHODS: All adult TEN patients admitted to the Victorian Adult Burns Service over an 12-year period were included. Retrospective data analyzed included patient demographics, site of TEN involvement, % TBSA, complications, duration of ocular follow up and visual outcomes. RESULTS: TEN patients with and without ocular involvement were compared. Cutaneous involvement of the head and neck was found to be significantly associated with ocular involvement of TEN. Age, TBSA involvement, presence of a prodrome, and presence of comorbidities were not found to be significantly associated with ocular involvement. Management of ophthalmic involvement of TEN varied between patients. CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians should have a high index of suspicion for ocular involvement when exfoliation of the head and neck is present and should seek ophthalmological advice early in the course of disease.

authors

  • Hii, BW
  • Mahar, PD
  • Wasiak, Jason
  • Hall, AJ
  • Paul, E
  • Marsh, P
  • Buck, DA
  • Cleland, H

publication date

  • 2014

published in