π-Acid/π-Base Carbonyloxo, Carbonylsulfido, and Mixed-Valence Complexes of Tungsten Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Carbonyloxotungsten(IV) complexes, TpWOX(CO), are produced in the reactions of dioxygen (for X = Cl, Br, I) or pyridine N-oxide [for X = S(2)P(OPr(i))(2), S(2)PPh(2)] with TpWX(CO)(2) [Tp = hydrotris(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)borate]. Analogous carbonylsulfidotungsten(IV) species, TpWSX(CO), result from the reactions of TpWX(kappa(2)-MeCN)(CO) with propylene sulfide. The carbonyloxo complexes exhibit nu(CO) and nu(W=O) IR bands in the 1995-1965 and 957-951 cm(-1) regions, respectively; the nu(CO) and nu(W=S) bands of the carbonylsulfido species appear at 1970-1937 and 512-502 cm(-1), respectively. The complexes possess C(1) symmetry and display carbonyl (13)C NMR resonances at delta 272-287, with J(WC) 160-196 Hz. The crystal structures of TpWO(S(2)PPh(2))(CO) and TpWS(S(2)PPh(2))(CO).0.5CHCl(3) reveal distorted octahedral tungsten centers coordinated by a fac tridentate Tp ligand and mutually cis, monodentate chalcogenido [d(W=O) = 1.698(4) A; d(W=S) = 2.135(4) Angstroms], carbonyl, and dithiophosphinato ligands. In refluxing toluene, TpWOI(CO) converts into purple, mixed-valence TpW(III)I(CO)(mu-O)W(V)OITp. The dinuclear complex contains a nearly linear [173.1(6) degrees] mu-oxo bridge connecting disparate distorted octahedral tungsten centers. The metrical parameters and spectroscopic properties are consistent with the presence of a W(III)/W(V) mixed-valence species, possessing a filled, delocalized three-center (W-O-W) pi bond and a localized (on W(III)), filled d(pi) orbital that back-bonds to the carbonyl ligand.

publication date

  • January 2006