Glucocorticoid for hearing preservation after cochlear implantation: a systemic review and meta-analysis of animal studies Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • OBJECTIVES:To conduct systematic review and meta-analyses of preclinical studies describing the efficacy of glucocorticoids administered via different routes for hearing preservation after cochlear implantation. DATA SOURCES:A literature search was performed in PubMed to identify peer-reviewed articles published before December 31, 2017, with no language restrictions. Search components were "Cochlear implant," "Glucocorticoids," and "Hearing preservation." The results were specified for animal studies. STUDY SELECTION:Original studies in which glucocorticoids were administered before or during cochlear implantation in animal models and hearing threshold shifts were measured using auditory brainstem response. DATA EXTRACTION:Quality of included studies was assessed using the SYstematic Review Centre for Laboratory animal Experimentation protocol. Threshold Shift reduction between the "study" and "control" groups at 1-month postimplantation was the parameter used to evaluate hearing preservation. DATA SYNTHESIS:The random-effects models were used to combine the results of selected studies. Separate meta-analyses were performed for drug-eluting electrodes, systemic, and local administration. CONCLUSIONS:Administering either systemic or topical glucocorticosteroids had a significant effect on preserving low and high-frequency hearing. Topical administration was equally effective across a range of concentration levels and provided maximal hearing preservation when applied 120 minutes before implantation. The effect of systemic treatment was achieved with high doses, equivalent to 26 mg of dexamethasone per day in humans. No significant effect was found with the use of drug-eluting electrodes and more studies are needed to characterise the utility and efficacy of this administration method.

publication date

  • 2019