Fine mapping of root lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei) resistance loci on chromosomes 6D and 2B of wheat Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • KEY MESSAGE:Resistance QTL to root lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei) in wheat (Triticum aestivum), QRlnt.sk-6D and QRlnt.sk-2B, were mapped to intervals of 3.5 cM/1.77 Mbp on chromosome 6D and 1.4 cM/2.19 Mbp on chromosome 2B, respectively. Candidate resistance genes were identified in the QTL regions and molecular markers developed for marker-assisted breeding. Two previously known resistance QTL for root lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei) in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum), QRlnt.sk-6D and QRlnt.sk-2B, were fine-mapped using a Sokoll (moderately resistant) by Krichauff (susceptible) doubled haploid (DH) population and six newly developed recombinant inbred line populations. Bulked segregation analysis with the 90K wheat SNP array identified linked SNPs which were subsequently converted to KASP assays for mapping in the DH and RIL populations. On chromosome 6D, 60 KASP and five SSR markers spanned a total genetic distance of 23.7 cM. QRlnt.sk-6D was delimited to a 3.5 cM interval, representing 1.77 Mbp in the bread wheat cv. Chinese Spring reference genome sequence and 2.29 Mbp in the Aegilops tauschii genome sequence. These intervals contained 42 and 43 gene models in the respective annotated genome sequences. On chromosome 2B, 41 KASP and 5 SSR markers produced a map spanning 19.9 cM. QRlnt.sk-2B was delimited to 1.4 cM, corresponding 3.14 Mbp in the durum wheat cv. Svevo reference sequence and 2.19 Mbp in Chinese Spring. The interval in Chinese Spring contained 56 high-confidence gene models. Intervals for both QTL contained genes with similarity to those previously reported to be involved in disease resistance, namely genes for phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway-related enzymes, NBS-LRR proteins and protein kinases. The potential roles of these candidate genes in P. thornei resistance are discussed. The KASP markers reported in this study could potentially be used for marker-assisted breeding of P. thornei-resistant wheat cultivars.

publication date

  • 2019