In vitro fertilization has overcome infertility issues for many couples. However, achieving implantation of a viable embryo into the maternal endometrium remains a limiting step in optimizing pregnancy success. The molecular mechanisms which characterize the transient state of endometrial receptivity, critical in enabling embryo-endometrial interactions, and proteins which underpin adhesion at the implantation interface, are limited in humans despite these temporally regulated processes fundamental to life. Hence, failure of implantation remains the "final frontier" in infertility. A human coculture model is utilized utilizing spheroids of a trophectoderm (trophoblast stem) cell line, derived from pre-implantation human embryos, and primary human endometrial epithelial cells, to functionally identify "fertile" versus "infertile" endometrial epithelium based on adhesion between these cell types. Quantitative proteomics identified proteins associated with human endometrial epithelial receptivity ("epithelial receptome") and trophectoderm adhesion ("adhesome"). As validation, key "epithelial receptome" proteins (MAGT-1/CDA/LGMN/KYNU/PC4) localized to the epithelium of receptive phase (mid-secretory) endometrium obtained from fertile, normally cycling women but is largely absent from non-receptive (proliferative) phase tissues. Factors involved in embryo-epithelium interaction in successive temporal stages of endometrial receptivity and implantation are demonstrated and potential targets for improving fertility are provided, enhancing potential to become pregnant either naturally or in a clinical setting.