Validity of a Revised Short Form-12 Health Survey Version 2 in Different Ethnic Populations Academic Article uri icon


  • The Short Form-12 version 2 (SF-12v2) is a shorter version of the Short Form-36 version 2 (SF-36v2) for assessing health-related quality of life. As the SF-12v2 could not be resolved into the physical- and mental-component summary score (PCS and MCS, respectively) in the general population of Singapore, this study aims to determine and validate the Singapore SF-12 version 2 (SG-12v2).The SG- 12v2 was generated using the same methodology as the SF-12v2. Bootstrap analysis was used to determine if the SG-12v2 were significantly different from the SF-12v2. Content validity was assessed using percentage of variance (R²) of the Singapore version of SF-36v2 PCS and MCS explained by the SG-12v2 items. Agreement between the SF-36v2 and the SG-12v2 was assessed using Bland-Altman diagrams. Criterion validity was demonstrated if effect size differences between SF-36v2 and SG-12v2 were small (Cohen's criteria). Known-group validity of SG-12v2 was reported for participants with and without chronic diseases.Five items differed between the SG-12v2 and SF-12v2. Bootstrap analysis confirmed that SG-12v2 and SF-12v2 were significantly different. The SG12v2 explained 94% and 79% of the R² of the SF-36v2 PCS and MCS, respectively. Agreement was good and effect size differences were small (<0.3). Participants with chronic diseases reported lower SG-12v2 scores compared to participants without chronic diseases.The SG-12v2 offers advantage over the SF-12v2 for use in the general population of Singapore. The SG-12v2 is a valid measure and will be particularly useful for large population health surveys in Singapore.


  • Tan, MLS
  • Wee, HL
  • Salim, A
  • Lee, J
  • Ma, S
  • Heng, D
  • Tai, E-S
  • Thumboo, J

publication date

  • 2016