High-Throughput Production of Chromium(III) Complexes for Antibody Immobilization Academic Article uri icon


  • A robot-assisted high-throughput methodology was employed to produce chromium(III) complexes suitable for the surface modification of the commercially available PerkinElmer Optiplate96 well plate for use in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). The complexes were immobilized to the native functionality of the well plate and first screened using a horseradish-peroxidase-tagged (HRP) mouse antibody to quantify binding. The top "hits" were further assessed for their ability to present the antibody in a functional state using an ELISA. "Hits" from the second screen yielded four complexes capable of improving the signal intensity of the ELISA by greater than 500%. The metal/base ratio of these complexes was also investigated, and we isolated the most stable and reproducible candidate, [Cr(OH)6]3-, which was formed from chromium(III) perchlorate and pH adjusted with ethylenediamine. This chromium solution was employed in a clinically relevant setting for the detection of bovine TNFα producing up to a 200% increase in signal intensity.

publication date

  • 2016