Human homolog of fission yeast cdc25 mitotic inducer is predominantly expressed in G2. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Entry into mitosis during the somatic cell cycle is regulated in response to signals that monitor the completion of DNA replication, the integrity of the nuclear genome, and, possibly, the increase in cellular mass during the cell cycle. It has been postulated that the operation of this cell cycle control involves the gradual accumulation of rate-limiting mitotic inducers, which trigger nuclear division when their cellular concentration reaches a critical level. We have cloned a human gene, which we call CDC25, whose product may function as a mitotic inducer. This human gene encodes a protein with a predicted molecular mass of 53,000 daltons whose C-terminal domain shares about 37% sequence identity with the fission yeast cdc25+ mitotic inducer. The human CDC25 gene rescues the defect of a fission yeast temperature-sensitive (ts) cdc25ts mutant that is unable to initiate mitosis. In HeLa cells CDC25 mRNA levels are very low in G1 and increase at least 4-fold as cells progress towards M phase. These data suggest that in human cells, as in fission yeast, the accumulation of CDC25 mitotic inducer during G2 may play a key role in regulating the timing of mitosis.

publication date

  • July 1, 1990