A randomized controlled trial examining combinations of repaglinide, metformin and NPH insulin Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • AIMS: To compare combination use of repaglinide, metformin and bedtime Neutral Protamine Hagedorn (NPH) insulin with conventional approaches of insulin initiation in patients with Type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: Eighty-two patients with T2DM with suboptimal glycaemic control on oral glucose-lowering agents were randomized to one of three treatment regimens for 4 months. Group 1 received metformin and twice daily biphasic 30/70 human insulin mixture (n = 27), group 2 metformin and bedtime NPH insulin (n = 26) and group 3 metformin, bedtime NPH insulin and mealtime repaglinide (n = 25). RESULTS: Seventy-five patients completed the study. Baseline and end-point mean HbA1c levels fell from 9.0 +/- 1.1 to 7.9 +/- 1.1% in group 1, 10.0 +/- 2.2 to 9.2 +/- 1.4% group 2 and 10.0 +/- 1.7 to 8.1 +/- 1.5% in group 3, respectively. All groups showed improvements in HbA1c. There was no significant difference between groups in the proportions of patients experiencing hypoglycaemia (29.6, 25.0 and 16.7%, respectively; P = 0.55) or in mean weight gain (2.9, 0.7 and 2.2 kg, respectively; P = 0.06). By 4 months, insulin doses were 0.63 +/- 0.32 IU/kg in group 1, 0.58 +/- 0.21 IU/kg in group 2 and 0.37 +/- 0.22 IU/kg in group 3 (group 3 vs. groups 1 and 2: P < 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: The approach using repaglinide, metformin and NPH insulin improved glycaemic control with a similar safety profile to conventional insulin initiation in T2DM and produced final glycaemic control similar to metformin and a twice daily biphasic insulin mixture.

authors

  • Davies, MJ
  • Thaware, PK
  • Tringham, JR
  • Howe, J
  • Jarvis, J
  • Johnston, V
  • Kitchener, DL
  • Skinner, TC
  • McNally, PG
  • Lawrence, IG

publication date

  • July 2007