Two-Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanoflower-Like Architectures: A General Growth Method and Their Applications in Energy Storage and as Model Materials for Nanofabrication Academic Article uri icon


  • Nanoflower-like architectures represent a unique type of nanomaterials in which thin 2D nanosheets are self-organised into interconnected structures. Lack of restacking between nanosheets and significant internal porosity are the particular advantages of such nanoscale architectures. A general method for the preparation of nanoflowers of a range of oxides (e.g., FeTiO3 , TiO2 , Mn2 O3 ) through a two-step procedure of ball milling and subsequent hydrothermal treatment is outlined. Importantly, the synthetic method is valid not only for a single oxide, but is extendable to a family of oxide materials. It is established that the formation of the nanoflowers from ball-milled powders follows a dissolution-precipitation mechanism; this is confirmed by inductively coupled plasma time of flight mass spectrometry measurements. Additional information on the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy characterisation and intermediate stage of growth of the nanostructures is included. Furthermore, two applications of Mn2 O3 nanostructures are briefly investigated. Firstly, their properties for energy storage in the electrodes of electrochemical supercapacitors are presented. A capacitive response in the potential window of -0.1-0.9 V versus an Ag/AgCl reference electrode is observed, with an associated increase of the capacitance values over cycling. Secondly, the use of Mn2 O3 nanoflowers as model systems for the development of novel nanofabrication techniques (such as nanopatterning with a He+ beam) is investigated.


  • Tao, T
  • Chen, Y
  • Chen, Y
  • Fox, DS
  • Zhang, H
  • Zhou, M
  • Raveggi, M
  • Barlow, AJ
  • Glushenkov, AM

publication date

  • 2017