Haptoglobin (Hp) is an acute phase protein that is a marker in blood for clinical and subclinical disease in the pig. The aim of this study was to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Hp gene and analyse their influence on baseline serum levels. DNA samples and serum were collected from 345 boars. Of 13 SNPs identified, 5 were genotyped using PCR-RFLP and Pyrosequencing. Serum Hp levels were measured using a biochemical assay. A general linear model was fitted with line and genotype as fixed effects. In addition, linkage disequilibrium (LD) was estimated between the 5 SNPs using r-square and D prime. Serum Hp concentrations in the population showed a skewed distribution with a mean of 0.34 g/L (range 0-2.65 g/L). Three SNPs were found to be associated with baseline Hp levels (p-value = 0.0093, 0.0051 and 0.0094). These 3 SNPs were also found to be in high LD with each other. This is the first study to find associations between polymorphisms in the porcine Hp gene and baseline Hp serum levels. The results have implications for breeding for resistance to infection.