Fructosamine concentrations reflect protein status and because infection with
Teladorsagia circumcinctacan induce a relative protein deficiency, we examined the usefulness of fructosamine concentrations as markers of the intensity of infection in naturally infected lambs. Fructosamine concentration was a heritable trait and variation in fructosamine concerntrations was associated with differences in body weight, and a variety of parasitological variables; animals with increased fructosamine concentrations grew more quickly, had increased faecal egg counts in one of the three study years, had decreased pepsinogen concentrations and decreased IgA activity against 4th-stage larvae of T. circumcincta. Fructosamine concentrations were also associated with variation in the subsequent acquisition of nematodes and in the length of adult female T. circumcincta; lambs with increased fructosamine concentrations had fewer nematodes but the mean length of adult female T. circumcinctawas longer. Therefore fructosamine concentrations are potentially useful indicators of the severity of nematode infection and may predict magnitude of subsequent infection.