Differences in maximal activation properties of skinned short- and long-sarcomere muscle fibres from the claw of the freshwater crustaceanCherax destructor Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Single fibres of different sarcomere length at rest have been isolated from the claw muscle of the yabby (Cherax destructor), a decapod crustacean. Fibres of either long (SL > 6 microns) or short (SL < 4 microns) sarcomere length have been mechanically skinned and were maximally activated by Ca2+ and Sr2+ under various experimental conditions (ionic strength, in the presence of 2,3 butanedione monoxime (BDM)) to determine differences in their contractile properties. Isometric force was measured simultaneously with either myofibrillar MgATPase or fibre stiffness in both fibre types. The ultrastructure of individual long- and short-sarcomere fibres was also determined by electron microscopy. The long-sarcomere fibres developed greater tension (30.48 +/- 1.72 N cm-2) when maximally activated by Ca2+ compared with the short-sarcomere fibres (18.60 +/- 0.80 N cm-2). The difference in the maximum Ca(2+)-activated force can be explained by the difference in the amount of filament overlap between the two fibre types. The maximum Ca(2+)-activated myofibrillar MgATPase rate in the short-sarcomere fibres (1.60 +/- 0.27 mmol ATP l-1s-1) was higher, but not significantly different from the ATPase rate in fibres with long-sarcomeres (1.09 +/- 0.14 mmol ATP l-1s-1). As the concentration of myosin is estimated to be higher only by a factor of 1.22 in the short-sarcomere preparations there is no evidence to suggest that the myofibrillar MgATPase activity is different in the long- and short-sarcomere preparations. The maximum Ca(2+)-activated force (P0) of both short- and long-sarcomere fibres was quite insensitive to BDM compared with vertebrate muscle. Force decreased to 60.2 +/- 5.3% and 76.1 +/- 2.7% in the short- and long-sarcomere fibres respectively in the presence of 100 mmol l-1 BDM. The difference in the force depression between the long- and short-sarcomere fibres is statistically significant (p < 0.05). Fibre stiffness during maximum Ca(2+)-activation expressed as percentage maximum force per nm per half sarcomere was higher by a factor of 3.5 in short-sarcomere fibres than in long-sarcomere fibres suggesting that the compliance of the filaments in the long-sarcomere fibres is considerably higher than in the short-sarcomere fibres. Sr2+ could not activate the contractile apparatus to the same level as that seen by Ca2+ in either fibre type: the maximum Sr(2+)-activated force was (20 +/- 3%) and (63 +/- 3%) of the maximum Ca(2+)-activated force response in short- and long-sarcomere fibres, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

publication date

  • December 1992