Self-assembly of a metal-phenolic sorbent for broad-spectrum metal sequestration Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Metal contamination of water bodies from industrial effluents presents a global threat to the aquatic ecosystem. To address this challenge, metal sequestration via adsorption onto solid media has been explored extensively. However, existing sorbent systems typically involve energy-intensive syntheses and are applicable to a limited range of metals. Herein, a sorbent system derived from physically cross-linked polyphenolic networks using tannic acid and ZrIV ions has been explored for high-affinity, broad-spectrum metal sequestration. The network formation step (gelation) of the sorbent is complete within 3 min and requires no special apparatus. The key to this system design is the formation of a highly stable coordination network with an optimized metal-ligand ratio (1.2:1), affording access to a major fraction of the chelating sites in tannic acid for capturing diverse metal ions. This system is stable over a pH range of 1-9, thermally stable up to ∼200 °C, and exhibits a negative surface charge (at pH 5). The sorbent system effectively sequesters 28 metals in single- and multielement model wastes, with removal efficiencies exceeding 99%. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that this system can be processed as membrane coatings, thin films, or wet gels to capture metal ions and that both the sorbent and captured metal ions can be regenerated or directly used as composite catalysts.

authors

  • Rahim, MA
  • Lin, G
  • Tomanin, PP
  • Ju, Y
  • Barlow, Anders
  • Björnmalm, M
  • Caruso, F

publication date

  • 2020