The identification of synthetic cannabinoids surface coated on herbal substrates using solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy Academic Article uri icon


  • Solid-state 13C and 19F NMR spectroscopy offers a non-destructive, highly selective protocol for the identification of forensically relevant synthetic cannabinoids on herbal substrates. Using this technique, well resolved 13C spectra were obtained that readily enabled structural identification; in some instances complemented by 19F spectral data. The approach described has potential for related applications such as the direct detection of pesticides on plants.


  • Burns, NK
  • Theakstone, AG
  • Zhu, H
  • O'Dell, LA
  • Pearson, Jim R
  • Ashton, TD
  • Pfeffer, FM
  • Conlan, XA

publication date

  • 2020